Table of Contents
Types of Bikes (advantages / disadvantage of each)
- Road – 700c or 27” wheels, skinny tires, drop handlebars, hand brakes, 10-30 speeds (2 or 3 chainrings in front, derailleur with 5-10 sprockets in back). Light weight, easiest to pedal. Sports car.
- Mountain – 650C or 26” wheels, typically with 1.75”-2.25” knobby tires. Flat bars, hand brakes, 10-30 speeds (2 or 3 chainrings in front, derailleur with 5-10 sprockets in back), often with suspension fork. Heavy, harder to pedal (with knobby tires), but more versatile. Jeep.
- City or Hybrid –- 700C or 650/26” wheels. Flat bars with hand brakes, skinny to medium tires. Good compromise between road and mountain bikes. 2WD SUV.
- BMX – typically 20” wheels, hand brakes, single speed. – Not suitable for road riding of any distance.
- Fixie — typically 26” or 700c wheels, flat or drop bars, hand brakes, single speed, often with no freewheel. Not suitable for road riding of any distance.
- Beach Cruiser – typically 24 or 26” wheels, coaster brake, typically single speed. – If single speed, not suitable for road riding of any distance. Buick.
New vs. Used
- Either can be great; it depends on how much you want to spend and how much time and effort you want to spend looking. New bikes (especially if purchased from a bike shop) are properly assembled, have a warranty, and typically include tune-ups for the first 90 days or more. Used bikes can be great values if you’re willing to spend a little more time and effort looking for them.
- Getting the right size frame and having it adjusted properly is critical. The wrong bike, even at a great price, is still the wrong bike.
How much should I plan to spend?
- Plan on a minimum of $100-300 used, $250-600 (or more) new for the bike, plus an additional $50-100 for helmet, gloves, water bottle cages and bottles, tool bag, tire levers, and patch kit.
In addition to the bike, is there anything I else I need to buy? (typically $50-100 total)
- Mandatory: helmet, gloves, water bottle, rear light (red), spare inner tube, pump (or CO2 unit), tire levers, patch kit, wrench (for nuts on wheel axles if wheels do not have quick release levers).
- Highly recommended: extra tube (in the right size and right type valve stem), seat bag and tool kit; cycle computer
- Where to buy: any of the locations below, plus Target, Sports Authority.
Where do I go to buy the bike?
- Local bike shops
- Jax (Bellflower @ Spring, Long Beach) www.jaxbicycles.com
- Big Wheel Bike Shop (Artesia & Pioneer) www.bigwheelbicycles.com
- REI (various locations) www.rei.com
- Sport Chalet (not SportMart > SportsAuthority) www.sportchalet.com
- Bicycle Discovery (Warner & Magnolia, next to Performance) www.bicycle-discovery.com
- Performance Bike (Warner & Magnolia, and mail order) www.performancebike.com
- Surf City Cyclery (Edinger Ave, Huntington Beach, near Bella Terra (& REI)) http://surfcitycyclery.com
- Nashbar (mail order only) www.nashbar.com
- Craig’s List, eBay (shipping is typically $25-50)
- PennySaver, Newspaper
- I do NOT recommend Costco, SportMart, Toys-R-Us, WalMart, Target, etc… Although the price is right, the bikes are generally heavy, of poor quality, and poorly assembled. If cost is a significant factor, buy a decent used bike instead.
Bicycling Merit Badge Requirements
- 1. Show that you know first aid for injuries or illnesses that could occur while cycling, including hypothermia, heat reactions, frostbite, dehydration, insect stings, tick bites, snakebites, blisters, and hyperventilation.
- 2. Clean and adjust a bicycle. Prepare it for inspection using a bicycle safety checklist. Be sure the bicycle meets local laws.
- 3. Show your bicycle to your counselor for inspection. Point out the adjustments or repairs you have made. Do the following:
- a. Show all points that need oiling regularly.
- b. Show points that should be checked regularly to make sure the bicycle is safe to ride.
- c. Show how to adjust brakes, seat level and height, and steering tube.
- 4. Describe how to brake safely with foot brakes and with hand brakes.
- 5. Show how to repair a flat. Use an old bicycle tire.
- 6. Take a road test with your counselor and demonstrate the following:
- a. Properly mount, pedal, and brake including emergency stops.
- b. On an urban street with light traffic, properly execute a left turn from the center of the street; also demonstrate an alternate left turn technique used during periods of heavy traffic.
- c. Properly execute a right turn.
- d. Demonstrate appropriate actions at a right-turn-only lane when you are continuing straight.
- e. Show proper curbside and road-edge riding. Show how to safely ride along a row of parked cars.
- f. Cross railroad tracks properly.
- 7. Describe your state’s traffic laws for bicycles. Compare them with motor-vehicle laws. Know the bicycle-safety guidelines.
- 8. Avoiding main highways, take two rides of 10 miles each, two rides of 15 miles each, and two rides of 25 miles each. You must make a report of the rides taken. List dates, routes traveled, and interesting things seen.*
- 9. After fulfilling requirement 8, lay out on a road map a 50-mile trip. Stay away from main highways. Using your map, make this ride in eight hours.
- The bicycle must have all required safety features. It must be registered as required by your local traffic laws.
How to Videos?
How to Fit a bike (from REI): http://www.rei.com/expertadvice/articles/bike+fit.html
How to fix a flat (from Performance Bike): http://www.performancebike.com/bikes/Content_10052_10551_-1_ChangeaTire
How to repair a bile: http://bicycletutor.com/
Bike Size Charts
If you have any questions, PLEASE call:
- Ed Johnson – (C) 310-990-6699, moc.gnirpsdnim|1nosnhojde#moc.gnirpsdnim|1nosnhojde or
- Dennis Gorospe - (C) 562-756-1838, moc.loa|epsorogd#moc.loa|epsorogd